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Monday, November 30, 2020

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SS City of Rio de Janeiro

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on January 16, 2015

The steamship City of Rio de Janeiro, which sported a barquentine rig, was built in Chester, Pennsylvania in 1878 to serve the United States & Brazil Mail Steamship Company carrying mail, cargo, and some passengers between the United States and Brazil.

Clipper Ship RAINBOW

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on January 13, 2015

Clipper ships, as a recognized type of vessel, originated with small, fast ships operating out of Baltimore during the War of 1812. Their sharp lines and deeper than usual keels allowed them to sail closer to the wind. They were able to outrun ships of the Royal Navy blockade…

HMS Terror

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on January 9, 2015

HMS Terror was a bomb ship constructed by the Royal Navy in 1813. Intended specifically for carrying and firing large mortars (the shells were 10 and 13 inches in diameter), the hull was heavily reinforced. It first saw action in the bombardment of Stonington, Connecticut on 9-12 August 1814.

New Siberian Islands

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on January 6, 2015

The archipelago called the New Siberian Islands is not new, having existed for eons and containing fossils from the Late Pleistocene (over 100,000 years ago) and probably earlier. Bedrock on the islands is significantly older. The archipelago is comprised of three groups of islands.

Anglerfish

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on January 2, 2015

Anglerfish belong to the bony fish order Lophiliformes. They range in size from about six inches to more than four feet in length and are generally found in deep pelagic waters or continental shelf waters, often on or near the sea floor. The…

Diomede Islands

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 30, 2014

The Diomedes are two tuya-type islands located in the Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. A tuya-type island is a distinctive flat-topped island with steep sides. It is formed when lava from an erupting volcano comes to the surface through a thick glacier or ice sheet.

Iles Eparses

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 26, 2014

Iles Eparses (the Scattered Islands) are an administrative group of uninhabited islands around the coast of Madagascar administered by France. They are combined with certain other French-administered locations into the Terres australes et antarctiques…

Prirazlomnaya offshore oil platform

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 23, 2014

The Prirazlomnaya offshore oil platform is located in the Pechora Sea (the eastern portion of the Barents Sea) south of Novaya Zemlya and bordered on the east by the Kara Strait. It is the world’s first Arctic-class ice-resistant offshore oil platform in the world.

Battle of Rio de Janeiro

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 19, 2014

French colonialists initially settled in Rio de Janeiro and the adjacent island of Serigipe in 1555. The Portuguese pushed them out in 1567 and expanded their hold on much of present-day Brazil. During the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714)…

Great Lakes Maritime Academy

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 16, 2014

Established in 1969, the Great Lakes Maritime Academy in Traverse City, Michigan, is the youngest of the six state maritime academies in the United States. Like the others, it educates and trains individuals for careers as officers in the US Merchant Marine.

California Maritime Academy

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 12, 2014

In 1929, the California Legislature adopted legislation authorizing establishment of the California Nautical School for the purpose of “providing practical and theoretical instruction in navigation, seamanship, steam engines, gas engines, and…

Texas Maritime Academy

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 9, 2014

Texas A&M University (originally the Agriculture and Mechanical College of Texas) has two campuses: College Station and Galveston. Texas A&M University at Galveston is home to the Texas Maritime Academy, one of six state maritime academies in the United States.

Arapaima

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 5, 2014

The arapaima is a large freshwater fish found in the Amazon, Orinoco, and Essequibo River basins of South America. It is one the largest freshwater fish in the world with a documented length of over nine feet and a weight of over 400 pounds. Its body is torpedo-shaped with a tapered head.

HMS Endeavour

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on December 2, 2014

The bark HMS Endeavour was built in 1764 as the collier Earl of Pembroke. A type known locally as a Whitby Cat, it had a broad, flat bow, a square stern, a long box-like body with a deep hold, and a flat bottom. Originally ship-rigged, it was…

Hermit crab

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on November 28, 2014

Hermit crabs are crustaceans with five pairs of legs. The front legs have modified into pincers, with the left one usually being larger than the right one. The hind legs are significantly smaller than the others and are used for attaching to the inside of shells.

Amphidromic point

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on November 25, 2014

An amphidromic point or tidal node is a point of zero change of the amplitude or height harmonic constituent of the tide within an oceanic basin. The tidal range (the difference between high tide and low tide) increases, but not uniformly, with distance from the amphidromic point.

Maine Maritime Academy

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on November 21, 2014

Maine Maritime Academy, located on Penobscot Bay in Castine, is a state supported undergraduate college focused on maritime-related training. Founded in 1941, it graduated its first class of merchant marine officers in 1943 in support of US defense efforts during World War II.

Massachusetts Maritime Academy

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on November 18, 2014

Massachusetts Maritime Academy, located at Taylor’s Point, Buzzards Bay, was established in 1891, making it the nation’s second oldest state maritime academy (after the State University of New York Maritime College). It is a regionally accredited…

Chimaera

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on November 14, 2014

Chimaeras are cartilaginous fish, meaning that their skeletons are composed of cartilage rather than bone. They are considered to be the oldest order of fish living today, having originated during the Silurian era about 430 million years ago.

Flying fish

Posted to Maritime Musings (by Dennis Bryant) on November 11, 2014

Flying fish are a family of fish that have developed large pectoral fins. They feed on plankton and other small marine food matter. In turn, they are prey to larger animals including porpoise, dolphin, tuna, marlin, swordfish, mackerel, squid, and sea birds.