Madagascar is a large island in the Indian Ocean located 250 miles off the southeast coast of Africa. Now home to the Republic of Madagascar, the island was first settled by natives of Borneo, who arrived in waves by outrigger canoe between 350 BC and 550 AD.
Joshua James (1826-1902) served as a lifesaver for 60 of his 75 years. Born in Hull, Massachusetts, he joined the Massachusetts Humane Society (an organization modeled on the Royal National Lifeboat Institution – RNLI) at age 15 after his mother and one of his sisters died in a ship wreck.
One of the first pieces of legislation adopted by the First Congress of the United States in 1789 was a measure providing for the new federal government to assume responsibility for the lighthouses previously erected by the colonial governments.
Bottomry is an ancient and largely archaic form of maritime lien. It is a contract entered into by the owner (or other authorized party, such as the master) to obtain funds from a lender. The funds plus interest are to be repaid, in typical contracts, upon successful completion of the voyage.
Nikumaroro (previously known as Gardner Island) is a small coral atoll in the central Pacific Ocean situated just south of the Equator and just west of the 180th meridian. It lies in the Phoenix Island Chain and is part of the Republic of Kiribati.
The Turkish Straits consist of two narrow straits in northwestern Turkey, the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, and the Sea of Marmara that connects them. The Turkish Straits lie between the Black Sea to the east and the Aegean Sea, which is a region of the much larger Mediterranean Sea.
The US Coast Guard adopted the concept of geographic districts when it absorbed the US Lighthouse Service in 1939. Previously, it had no formal segmentation of its chain of command based on geography. Rather, the chain of command was grouped around function.
The parallels of latitude are fixed by the rotation of the Earth. The only human involvement is the use of a 360 degree circle, starting at the equator. The degrees of longitude, although using the same 360 framework, could be commenced from…
The Global Positioning System (GPS) was initiated by the US Department of Defense (DOD) as a position-finding system to be used for military purposes. Originally, it was envisaged for use by nuclear submarines so that they could better aim their ballistic missiles.